By Eric D. Weitz
Why did the 20th century witness exceptional prepared genocide? do we study why genocide is perpetrated via evaluating diversified situations of genocide? Is the Holocaust particular, or does it percentage factors and lines with different circumstances of state-sponsored mass homicide? Can genocide be prevented?Blending gripping narrative with trenchant research, Eric Weitz investigates 4 of the 20 th century's significant eruptions of genocide: the Soviet Union less than Stalin, Nazi Germany, Cambodia lower than the Khmer Rouge, and the previous Yugoslavia. Drawing on historic resources in addition to trial documents, memoirs, novels, and poems, Weitz explains the superiority of genocide within the 20th century--and indicates how and why it grew to become so systematic and deadly.Weitz depicts the searing brutality of every genocide and lines its origins again to these strongest different types of the fashionable international: race and kingdom. He demonstrates how, in all the circumstances, a powerful kingdom pursuing utopia promoted a selected mixture of severe nationwide and racial ideologies. In moments of excessive problem, those states exact sure nationwide and racial teams, believing that in basic terms the annihilation of those "enemies" might let the dominant workforce to flourish. And in each one example, huge segments of the inhabitants have been enticed to affix within the usually ritualistic activities that destroyed their neighbors.This publication bargains one of the most soaking up bills ever written of the inhabitants purges eternally linked to the names Stalin, Hitler, Pol Pot, and Milosevic. A arguable and richly textured comparability of those 4 glossy situations, it identifies the social and political forces that produce genocide.
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Extra info for A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation
The coloration of the nation and nationalism was socialist, liberal, or conservative, depending on time and place. The nation found concrete manifestation in the establishment of an independent Greece in the 1820s; in the carving out, later in the century, of other autonomous states in the Balkans, like Bulgaria and Serbia, that were formerly under Ottoman control; and in the creation of Italy and Germany in the 1860s and 1870s. In opposition to Mazzini’s profound faith in popular action, many of these states were founded by modernizing elites whose political and social views were profoundly conservative, or by some combination of popular participation and elite direction.
They have not become mulatto. . ” With these kinds of comments, Arndt and others of his contemporaries virtually dissolved the distinction between nation and race, a process we shall see at work in the genocides of the twentieth century. FROM ROMANTICISM TO RACE SCIENCE By the turn into the nineteenth century in the West, race and nation had become established, though not necessarily predominant, ways of understanding human difference. New World slavery and more cohesive states; the writings of Hobbes, Linnaeus, and Blumenbach; the eruptions of the great revolutions of the late eighteenth century—all these trends contributed to the creation of new systems of classiﬁcation that placed people in the categories of race and nation.
28 Ethnicity or nationality by no means always or necessarily takes on racialized forms, but the possibilities are certainly present, all too easily present when modern states seek to limit the pool of citizens and strive actively to shape the very composition of society. Moreover, while biology provided the pseudoscientiﬁc underpinnings for race thinking in its heyday, roughly 1850 to ´ 1945, race can also have a cultural basis. As the French theorist Etienne Balibar writes: “[B]iological or genetic naturalism is not the only means of naturalizing human behaviour and social afﬁnities.