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Extra resources for A grammar of Acehnese on the basis of a dialect of north Aceh (Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde)

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These we symbolise as s. W o r d s that can be stressed have a structure (s) S where n > 0. Clitics - words that are never stressed - are monosyllables; their segmental structure is like that of all other syllables that are never stressed. In the following description of phoneme distribution the term S T R E S S E D S Y L L A B L E refers to the syllable type S, that can bear a stress, even thought in actual usage it may be unstressed. U N S T R E S S E D S Y L L A B L E refers to syllable type s, which is never stressed.

About as big as a (person's) calf [iv] With prepositions the effect is contrastive emphasis on the object N P of the preposition: (3-27) Ji=tajö 3 rush lan-lam=duroe i n i n thorn He went into thorns too. (3-28) ka-tanyöng b a k - b a k = j i h 2 ask at at 3 Ask him too. [v] With stative verbs and operators whose semantics allow of various degrees, reduplication has the effect of emphasising a greater degree - greater than one might think: (3-29) g e u t a n y o e k a = t u h a - t u h a , pane êk = t a =plueng we i n e IN o l d old how c a n l i n c r u n We are already old, how can we run?

Phrase stress falls on the stressed word in the phrase (usually the final or penultimate word). Word stress falls on the final syllable of a word. Thus / i ' / 'water', /pa#de'/ 'rice', / m ï ï i # n a # S a h ' / 'meeting house'. This stress is realised when a word is pronounced in its citation form, or when it is the stressed word in a phrase. When a word occurs in an unstressed position in a phrase all its syllables are pronounced unstressed. Such an unstressed word is termed CLITICISED. A phrase may consist of just one word.

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