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By Erica Reiner

The aim of this research is to provide a considerable a part of the corpus of the Akkadian language within the kind of a grammar. This grammar has approximately the subdivisions widely used within the box of Assyriology, yet its association has profited from the grammatical versions and outlines advanced in present linguistic examine.

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Extra resources for A Linguistic Analysis of Akkadian

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The backward-flanged (sibilants) are divided into flat (pharyngealized, "emphatic") /§/ and non-flat /s, z/; the non-flat ones are divided into tense /s/ and lax /z/. The forward-flanged continuants are divided into the peripheral (velar) /h/ and the medial (palatal) /§/. The sonorants are divided into consonantals (nasals and liquids) and non-consonantals (vowels). The consonantal sonorants are divided, by the feature vocalic VÍ. non-vocalic, into non-vocalic (nasals) and vocalic (liquids). The nasals are divided 40 PHONOLOGY PHONOLOGY 41 into the peripheral (or grave) nasal /m/ and the medial (or acute) nasal /n/.

Two consonants and length. If one of the consonants is /:/, the phonotactic pattern is modified as follows: Final C : + C # > C : V C # (dan:+t > dan:at); final C + : C # does not occur. Final : C + C # > : C V C # fta:b+t > ta:bat); final : + C C # does not occur. Intervocalic : C + C > CC (ta:b+tu = tabtu); intervocalic : + C C does not occur. Intervocalic C C + : > CVC: (i-pr+:-as = ipar:as); intervocalic C + C : does not occur. 4. 1. 2. Consonant and two lengths. 6. 3. Positions of the epenthetic vowel.

The same type of syllabic writing also often interchanges with . , phonemicized) accordingly as two syllables, namely /ba:ab/. g. , cf. simply AHw. v. ba'älu. PHONOTACTICS 47 (b) our interpretation of the behavior of length as if it were a consonant /:/, since in the transcription /ba:ab/ the symbol /:/ is replaceable by a consonant and thus obviously indicates a syllable boundary between the two identical vowels. 1. 3), and length /:/ are in complementary distribution or in free variation in intervocalic position, and that there always occurs one of these consonants between two vowels when they belong to two separate syllables, whether the vowels are identical or not.

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