Download Dictionary of Early American Philosophers by John R. Shook PDF

By John R. Shook

The Dictionary of Early American Philosophers, which includes over four hundred entries by way of approximately three hundred authors, offers an account of philosophical notion within the usa and Canada among 1600 and 1860. The label of "philosopher" has been greatly utilized during this Dictionary to intellectuals who've made philosophical contributions despite educational profession or specialist name. such a lot figures weren't educational philosophers, as few such positions existed then, yet they did paintings on philosophical concerns and explored philosophical questions eager about such fields as pedagogy, rhetoric, the humanities, heritage, politics, economics, sociology, psychology, medication, anthropology, faith, metaphysics, and the usual sciences.

Each access starts off with biographical and profession details, and maintains with a dialogue of the subject's writings, educating, and idea. A cross-referencing approach refers the reader to different entries. The concluding bibliography lists major guides through the topic, posthumous versions and picked up works, and extra interpreting in regards to the subject.

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However, the college soon began experiencing difficulties and the board of trustees did not support all of Adams’s plans for expansion, so he resigned in 1826 to accept the position as the first President of Geneva College (now Hobart College) in New York, where he taught all of the philosophy and religion classes. In 1827 he received the honorary Doctor of Divinity degree from Columbia College in New York City. In 1828 Adams returned to South Carolina to resume his Presidency at the College of Charleston, and he also assumed the newly endowed title of Horry Professor of Moral and Political Philosophy.

In other words, Adams argues that there are some natural rights that are inalienable and pre-political. In the “Braintree Instructions” (1765) Adams protested the British Stamp Act. Therein he announces the fundamental principle that “no freeman should be subject to any tax to which he has not given his own consent”; in other words, no taxation without representation. His letters published in the Boston Gazette under the pseudonym of Novanglus during 1774–75 (assembled in one volume in 1784), much like his “Two Replies,” argues against the legitimacy of British authority to impose policy on colonies.

He left this position in 1862, moving to New York City where he held several jobs, including some teaching and the editorship of the Presbyterian New York Observer for one year. Alden received the honorary Doctor of Divinity degree from Union College in 1839 and the honorary LLD degree from Columbia College in 1857. Alden returned to academic life in 1867 where he was elected as the first President of the New York State Normal School in Albany; a position he would hold until the end of his life.

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