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By Boyd Keith Swigger

In 1951, the yank Library organization (ALA) Council licensed new criteria for accrediting library teaching programs. those criteria shifted accreditation from the bachelor's measure to the master's measure, making the master's measure in library technology the pro credential for access into the career. on the time, librarians believed this variation may remodel the perform of librarianship, the character of library schooling, and the social status of librarianship as an occupation.In The MLS venture: An overview after Sixty Years, Boyd Keith Swigger examines the explanations the yank Library organization enacted the switch and appears on the effects of this choice. Reviewing the final a number of many years, Swigger addresses a few matters: What have been librarians' and library educators' arguments for altering the procedure of library schooling? What difficulties have been they attempting to clear up? What have been their ambitions? Did the swap within the constitution of library schooling clear up the issues perceived within the past due Forties? Have the ambitions set then been complete within the part century on the grounds that? What were the meant and unintentional results of the change?In his overview, Swigger attracts basic conclusions concerning the MLS venture, the belief of librarianship, libraries, the advancements of curriculums in library faculties, and the way librarianship compares to the recent details professions. The MLS undertaking is an informative and demanding evaluate that each librarian should still learn.

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24 Grimes contends that studies such as David’s show Recruitment of New Librarians 49 a shift in librarians’ personality types that presents them as more oriented to the social aspect of their work but not comfortable with bureaucratic rules: “The pattern that emerges in the 1990s is of an updated female ‘Marian’ / male ‘Marion’ who has been, since the 1940s, consistently intelligent, introverted, self-sufficient and interested in a life of the mind and in the arts. ”25 Image continues to be a popular topic among librarians.

10 The same method has been used to calculate occupational status scores for the occupations listed in the last six censuses. The scores are relative scores for occupations within each census year. In addition to its repeated use, a strength of the occupational status score method is that it is interpretable. ”11 That is, the score of 64 for librarians in 1950 indicates that librarians had higher combined levels of education and income than approximately 64 percent of the labor force; the score of 82 in 2000 indicates that librarians’ levels of education and income exceeded those of 82 percent of the population.

A group such as the American Library Association can attempt to shape how the public perceives its members, through marketing and public relations, but ultimately the perception is shaped by many factors, most of which are beyond the group’s control. In measuring the status or prestige of an occupation, it is important to note that sociologists are concerned with the standing of occupations themselves and not of the persons who happen to work in a particular occupation at a given moment. Furthermore, sociologists distinguish between occupational status and prestige and thus measure each somewhat differently.

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